"Yada Yada Hi Dharmasya
Glanirva Bhavathi Bharatha,
Tadatmanam Srijami Aham”
These are the shlokas taken from Gita which describes that Krishna Says,” whenever there is decline of Dharm(religion) and righteousness, then I would do my manifestation in the form of incarnations and come to the earth for the destruction of evil and protection and prosperity of Good and for re establishment of Dharam. Matsya avatar is the first avatar wherein Lord Vishnu incarnated himself as a giant fishduring Satyug for the protection of Dharm and innocent people. Demon Hayagriva had stolen the Vedas from Brahma, Lord Vishnu in the form of Matsya Avatar killed him. Moreover, The torrential rains of Pralaya(end of world) was Hitting the mankind. This giant fish saved the Saptrishis along with King Manu in a ship built by King Manu himself.
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Kurma Avtar: It was during Satyug when all Devtas lost their power because of a curse from Maharishi Durvasa. They ran to Lord Vishnu and he advised them to do the churning of milk of ocean with the use of Mount Mandara as a churning stick.Lord Vishnu told them that they are required to drink the immortal drink “nectar” in order to regain their power. So, in this way, the ocean ws churned by both Sur(Devas) and ASur(Demons) with the use of snake Basuki as a rope . But as the churning was proceeding, the Mandara mount started sinking, it was only then when Lord Vishnu incarnated himself in the form of a tortoise(Kurma) to lift the mountain and give support. After churning, Devas got the nectar by their trick and with the helpof Mohini roop of Lord Vishnu.After drinking nectar, Devas resumed their powers.
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Varaha Avtar: The story of Varaha avatar begins with the story of doorkeepers of Lord Vishnu who were once cursed by the son of Lord Brahma to take birth as humans on earth and would lose their godly status. They were born as Hiranyakasha and Hiranyakashipu. Lord Vishnu took the incarnation of Varaha(boar) to kill Hiranyakasha. Once Hiranyakasha hid the earth where no one can find that. Then, a tiny boar emerged from the nostril of Lord Brahma, and very soon it grew as large mountain. The Varaha took the deep dive into the ocean and holded mother earth on his head. It was only when he placed the Mother earth on her axis that he turned back to Hiranyakasha and killed him.
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Narsimha Avtar: Narsimha, the fourth incarnation of Lord Vishnu came to earth in order to free mankind and earth from the destructions and evil deed of demon Hiranyakashipu during Satyug. He did the stringent Tapas(penance) to make Lord Brahma happy and after completion of the penance, he asked ,”I want a boon wherein I cannot be killed by any man, God or animal, nobody can kill me in day or night, in heaven or earth, inside house or outside house, or with any of the weapons. “ Then, the entire earth started facing torture of the Demon. In order to cut the boon of Lord Brahma and let mankind get rid of the Hiranyakashipu, Lord Vishnu took his 4th incarnation in the form of Narsimha, who was half lion and half man. Narsimha killed the Demon during twilight(Neither day nor night), on the threshold of door(neither inside nor outside the house, not with any weapon, but his nails.”
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Vamana Avtar: Vamana avtar is 5th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. There was a Asur king named Mahabali, who was a very great ruler and he kept his people happy and prosperous. After doing intense penance, he got a boon from Lord Brahma that he would get equal power if Indra and he cannot be defeated in any battle.
He was a very righteous King, however he was a Asur king that made people and Devas very annoyed and disturbed about the future because their descedents and relatives were Asur, bearing qualities of a Asur. Lord Vishnu incarnated as Vamana, a dark and dwarf boy, who was son of Aditi and Maharishi Kashyap. When king Mahabali was doing 100 ashwmedha yagna, then the Vamana went there. Since, Mahabali was a righteous King, he welcomed him whole heartedly and asked for his wish. Vamana replied, “ I want land of three steps measured by my feet.” The king agreed and offered him the same. But suddenly, the size of Vamana started increasing, and in no time he reached the sky. In one step he measured the sky, the another one took entire earth and he asked the king, “ now fulfill your promise and tell me where should I go for my third step?”. The King offered his head for the third step of Vamana. The Vamana took his third step and hit the king with his head, this step was enough to send him to the Paatal lok and he lost his life.
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Parashuram Avtar: Parashuram was the 6th incarnation of Lord Vishnu wherein he incarnated as a priest in this universe.He lived during the last of Treta and Dwapar Yug. He was son of Maharishi Jamadagni and Renuka. When Kshatriyas started torturing the Brahmans and they became arrogant and dominating, he took this incarnation in order to take revenge from Kshatriyas. Parashuram always used to carry one axe with him. He was a great devotee of Lord Shiva, who taught him the knowledge of scriptures and war and battles. Kartavirya, a very mighty king once stole the holy cow Kamdhenu from his father, Jamadagni and killed him. In order to take revenge from him, Parashuram killed all Kshatriyas in 21 intense battles.
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Rama Avtar: Lord Ram was the 7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. He took birth in Treta yug. He was son of King Dasharath and Kaushalya. He is largely worshipped in India. Festivals of Ramnavmi and Diwali are associated with him only. Lord Ram was an idol of chivalry, prowess and virtue due to which he is often regarded as “Maryada purushottam”. Godess Sita was his wife . He accepted 14 years of exile just to keep the promise of his father and he had no lust for the Throne. In order to slay the demon Ravana, Lord Ram fighted with him in an intense battle. The day when he defeated Ravana , is celebrated as Vijayadashmi. After returning from exile, Lord Ram resumed the throne as per the wish of his brother Bharat. As the demon Ravana was killed, so peace and prosperity flourished in the world again.
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Balrama Avtar: Lord Balram is the 8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu who is also known as Baladev, Balabhadra or Halayudha. He took birth in Dwapar Yug. He wasthe son of vasudeva. He is elder brother of Lord Vishnu. In this context, we have two views, one supports the fact that Balram was incarnation of Lord Vishnu whereas other believes that he is incarnation of Sheshnaag. Actaully, Lord Vishnu Takes rest on the shaiyaa(bed) of Sheshnaag who also took incarnation as Laxman along with Lord Rama. So, this time he said,” Elder brother always gets more attention, so I will be elder to you.” Lord Vishnu agreed to this and he took incarnation as elder brother of Krishna, as Balram. He is considered the deity of agriculture and fertility. He always carried a plough with him.
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Krishna Avatar: Lord Krishna was the 9th avatar of Lord Vishnu. He was son of Devki and Vasudev. Krishna is a fascinating figure and considered a complete avatar, i.e Purnpurush. Lord Krishna is worshipped extensively across India in many different forms. One of them is Bal roop, a mischievous butter- loving adorable child, another one is a romantic teen who plays with his flute to rule the hearts of gopis(cow herding girls).Yet another look of Krishna can be traced in the battlefield of Mahabharat where he becomes a mentor, friend, Philosopher and guide. Krishna is synonymous with a God child, Prankster, a model lover, divine hero, friend, a guide and a supreme being. He ended the tortures of several demons and showed the path of religion as to how to free yourself from the painfull cycle of death and birth.
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Kalki Avtar: Kalki is the 10th and final incarnation of Lord Vishnu which has not yet come. Kalki Avtar is believed to be apocalyptic horse rider with sword in his hand. As foretold in Srimad Bhagwatam and Brahmanda Puran, Lord Kalki will appear at the conjuction of two yugas i.e end of Kalyug and initiation of Satyug. The name of his father “Vishnu yasa” and name of village “Sambhala” is also pre-mentioned in the scriptures.
“shambhala-grama-mukhyasya brahmanasya mahatmanah
bhavane vishnuyashasah kalkih pradurbhavishyati”
Lord Kalki, the great Lord of universe, would come on his swift horse, Devdutta, with sparkling sword in his hands, exhibiting his eight mystic opulences and eight extraordinary qualities of Godhead and he would travel the entire earth.
ashvam ashu-gam aruhya devadattam jagat-patih
He would come riding with great speed, reflecting his unparalleled splendor and would kill all of those plunderers who have dared to dress as Kings.
vicarann ashuna kshaunyam hayenapratima-dyutih
nripa-linga-cchado dasyun kotisho nihanishyati
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