Ved and Upnishads: Spirituality is the biggest science in the world and India is the mother of that science. Ved is to life as constitution is to any country, which when followed religiously can fill your life with enormous joy and satisfaction. There are four Vedas, namely, Rig ved, Sam Ved, Yajur Ved and Atharva Veda. Vedas are considered to be primary text of Indian culture. Scholars believe that existence of Vedas dates back to 1500 B.C. The contents of Vedas include hymns, incantations and rituals of ancient India. However, Upnishads are believed to be prolongations of the Vedas. The history of Upnishads can be traced back to 400 B.C.
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Bhagwat Gita: Bhagwat Gita is essence of Vedas and upnishads. But it is not limited to Hinduism only. If interpreted correctly it has huge amount of lessons for entire mankind as to how to exist in this world, how to attain materialistic success, how to get peace of mind and so on. It is in the form of philosophical dialogue version between Lord Krishna and Arjuna. The word “Bhagwat” means God and “Geeta” means song. Therefore, Bhagwat Gita means song of God. Bhagwat Gita is eternal reflection of spiritual wisdom from ancient India. The eminence and glory of this sacred text can be predicted by the fact that it has been translated into more than 20 languages. Western countries are deeply interested in this Holy book as they are seeking for their inner peace and calm.
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Ramayana: Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit tale of Hindu Mythology narrated and written by the sage Valmiki. It is story of Lord Ram, who sacrificed the Throne of Ayodhayaya in order to keep the promise of his father. He fell prey to a political trap in the family. But, he accepted his exile of fourteen years very gladly. During exile, his wife Godess Sita is kidnapped by Ravana, a ten headed monster king of Srilanka. Then, the entire story revolves round the freedom of Godess Sita. There is a significant mention of Lord Hanuman, who helped Rama in his battle against Ravana. Ramayana preaches us a lesson to concentrate on our duties and responsibilities, rather than crying for the rights only. This epic reminds us of ancient Indian culture, where a son can go for 14 years of tough exile just to keep the promise of his father. Ramayana is often referred to as Adikavyam (the first epic) and Valmiki as the Adikavi. It is because of the reason that all spiritual literature prior to Ramayana existed in the form of mantras, Ramayana was the first epic in which mantras has been converted into poetic form.
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Mahabharata: Mahabharata is one of the important epics of ancient India which was written by Vedvyas.It is more than 3000 years old. Mahabharata is portrait of the war of Kurukshetra and tale of destiny of Kauravas and Pandavas.Moreover, Mahabharata is the longest known epic in the world. It is all about details and description of 18 day long battle between Pandavas and Kauravas. It also includes the propagation of Lord Krishna being given to Arjun during the battle when he was in two minds and was not completely ready for the battle. The central philosophy of Mahabharat revolves around the actual execution of teachings of Vedas. Great thinkers and scholars believe that The Mahabharata is inclusive of economics, sociology, politics, chemistry, astronomy,art of war , spirituality and philosophy. History is a combination of old incidents along with preaches and teachings. This marks a demarcation line between the Vedas and Mahabharata. Mahabharata is history whereas Vedas are original and true forms of preaching.
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Purans: The word “Puran” means old and ancient. Puranas are post vedic literature including complete narration of the history of universe. It includes stories of genealogies of kings, Gods and sages. Broadly, there are 18 Puranas including Vishnu Puran, Narad Puran, Srimad Bhagwat puran, Garuda Puran, Padm Puran, Varah Puran, Brahma Puran, Brahmananda Puran, Brahma Vaivarta Puran, Markandey Puran, Bhavishye Puran, Vamana Puran, Matsya Puran, Kurma Puran, Linga Puran, Shiv Puran, Skanda Puran and Agni Puran. Each Puran depicts the divine story of a God or Hero. According to Swami Sivananda, Puranas have five distinctive characterstics, history, cosmology, secondary creation, geneology of kings and Manvantaras i.e the era of Manu’s rule which consisted of 71 celestial yugas. Puranas are just dissolution of high philosophy of Vedas. In order to make ordinary people understand the basics of Vedas, in the form of stories and tales which were otherwise difficult to understand.
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